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Old 04-29-2012, 12:40 PM
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Default Hebrew-Japan Connection

Paparock & Israel Military Staff,

If you have came across the information before, I’m sorry that I am repeating it, I am not aware if ya’ll have or not.
I came across the information recently, and thought it was so interesting, I wanted to share it with everyone.
I spent almost 10 years in the Orient, mostly Japan. I studied as much as I could about the languages, cultures and customs when I was stationed over there. I miss it and would like to go back and do some missionary work. I would even like do some consulting with anyone needing help in doing business over there.
Any way, below is the information about the Hebrew-Japan connection.
At the end is the website link for this article by Pastor Kubo, it is his first chapter. Also, he has an e-mail address where you request a free DVD on this subject. It is Japanese documentary show with English subtitles. It too is informative. He has a total 4 chapters in English.

Israelites Came to Ancient Japan

Many of the traditional ceremonies in Japan and their DNA
indicate that the Lost Tribes of Israel came to ancient Japan


Arimasa Kubo


Ark of the covenant of Israel (left) and "Omikoshi" ark of Japan (right)
Dear friends in the world,

I am a Japanese Christian writer living in Japan. As I study the Bible, I began to realize that many traditional customs and ceremonies in Japanare very similar to the ones of ancient Israel. I considered that perhaps these rituals came from the religion and customs of the Jews and the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel who might have come to ancient Japan.
The following sections are concerned with those Japanese traditions which possibly originated from the ancient Israelites.

The reason why I exhibit these on the internet is to enable anyone interested in this subject, especially Jewish friends to become more interested, research it for yourself, and share your findings.
The ancient kingdom of Israel, which consisted of 12 tribes, was in 933 B.C.E. divided into the southern kingdom of Judahand the northern kingdom of Israel. The 10 tribes out of 12 belonged to the northern kingdom and the rest to the southern kingdom. The descendants from the southern kingdom are called Jews. The people of the northern kingdom were exiled to Assyria in 722 B.C.E. and did not come back to Israel. They are called "the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel." They were scattered to the four corners of the earth. We find the descendants of the Israelites not only in the western world, but also in the eastern world especially along the Silk Road. The following peoples are thought by Jewish scholars to be the descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel.

Yusufzai
They live in Afghanistan. Yusufzai means children of Joseph. They have customs of ancient Israelites.

Pathans
They live in Afghanistan and Pakistan. They have the customs of circumcision on the 8th day, fringes of robe, Sabbath, Kashrut, Tefilin, etc.

Kashmiri people
In Kashmir they have the same land names as were in the ancient northern kingdom of Israel. They have the feast of Passover and the legend that they came from Israel.

Knanites
In India there are people called Knanites, which means people of Canaan. They speak Aramaic and use the Aramaic Bible.

Shinlung tribe (Bnei Menashe)
In Myanmar (Burma) and India live Shinlung tribe, also called Menashe tribe. Menashe is Manasseh, and the Menashe tribe is said to be the descendants from the tribe of Manasseh, one of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. They have ancient Israeli customs.

Chiang (Qiang or Chiang-Min) tribe
They live in China and have ancient Israeli customs. They believe in one God and have oral tradition that they came from far west. They say that their ancestor had 12 sons. They have customs of Passover, purification, levirate marriage, etc. as ancient Israelites.

Kaifeng, China
It is known that there had been a large Jewish community since the time of B.C.E..

Japan
I am going to discuss this on this website.

A Japanese Festival Illustrates the Story of Isaac.
In Nagano prefecture, Japan, there is a large Shinto shrine named "Suwa-Taisha" (Shinto is the national traditional religion peculiar to Japan.)
At Suwa-Taisha, the traditional festival called "Ontohsai" is held on April 15 every year (When the Japanese used the lunar calendar it was March-April). This festival illustrates the story of Isaac in chapter 22 of Genesis in the Bible - when Abraham was about to sacrifice his own son, Isaac. The "Ontohsai" festival, held since ancient days, is judged to be the most important festival of "Suwa-Taisha."

The "Suwa-Taisha" shrine
At the back of the shrine "Suwa-Taisha," there is a mountain called Mt. Moriya ("Moriya-san" in Japanese). The people from the Suwa area call the god of Mt. Moriya "Moriya no kami," which means, the "god of Moriya." This shrine is built to worship the "god of Moriya."
At the festival, a boy is tied up by a rope to a wooden pillar, and placed on a bamboo carpet. A Shinto priest comes to him preparing a knife, and he cuts a part of the top of the wooden pillar, but then a messenger (another priest) comes there, and the boy is released. This is reminiscent of the Biblical story in which Isaac was released after an angel came to Abraham.

The knife and sword used in the "Ontohsai" festival
At this festival, animal sacrifices are also offered. 75 deer are sacrificed, but among them it is believed that there is a deer with its ear split. The deer is considered to be the one God prepared. It could have had some connection with the ram that God prepared and was sacrificed after Isaac was released. Since the ram was caught in the thicket by the horns, the ear might have been split.
In ancient time of Japanthere were no sheep and it might be the reason why they used deer (deer is Kosher). Even in historic times, people thought that this custom of deer sacrifice was strange, because animal sacrifice is not a Shinto tradition.

A deer with its ears split
People call this festival "the festival for Misakuchi-god". "Misakuchi" might be "mi-isaku-chi." "Mi" means "great," "isaku" is most likely Isaac (the Hebrew word "Yitzhak"), and "chi" is something for the end of the word. It seems that the people of Suwa made Isaac a god, probably by the influence of idol worshipers.
Today, this custom of the boy about to be sacrificed and then released, is no longer practiced, but we can still see the custom of the wooden pillar called "oniye-bashira," which means, "sacrifice-pillar."

The "oniye-bashira" on which the boy is supposed to be tied up
Currently, people use stuffed animals instead of performing a real animal sacrifice. Tying a boy along with animal sacrifice was regarded as savage by people of the Meiji-era (about 100 years ago), and those customs were discontinued. However, the festival itself still remains.
The custom of the boy had been maintained until the beginning of Meiji era. Masumi Sugae, who was a Japanese scholar and a travel writer in the Edoera (about 200 years ago), wrote a record of his travels and noted what he saw at Suwa. The record shows the details of "Ontohsai." It tells that the custom of the boy about to be sacrificed and his ultimate release, as well as animal sacrifices that existed those days. His records are kept at the museum near Suwa-Taisha.

The festival of "Ontohsai" has been maintained by the Moriya family ever since ancient times. The Moriya family thinks of "Moriya-no-kami" (god of Moriya) as their ancestor's god. They also consider "Mt. Moriya" as their holy place. The name, "Moriya," could have come from "Moriah" (the Hebrew word "Moriyyah") of Genesis 22:2, that is today's Temple Mount of Jerusalem. Among Jews, God of Moriah means the one true God whom the Bible teaches.
The Moriya family has been hosting the festival for 78 generations. And the curator of the museum said to me that the faith in the god of Moriya had existed among the people since the time of B.C.E..

Apparently, no other country but Japanhas a festival illustrating the biblical story of Abraham and Isaac. This tradition appears to provide strong evidence that the ancient Israelites came to ancient Japan.
The Crest of the Imperial House of JapanIs the Same As That Found On the Gate of Jerusalem.
The crest of the Imperial House of Japan is a round mark in the shape of a flower with 16 petals. The current shape appears as a chrysanthemum (mum), but scholars say that in ancient times, it appeared similar to a sunflower. The sunflower appearance is the same as the mark at Herod's gate in Jerusalem. The crest at Herod's gate also has 16 petals. This crest of the Imperial House of Japan has existed since very ancient times. The same mark as the one at Herod's gate is found on the relics of Jerusalemfrom the times of the Second Temple, and also on Assyrian relics from the times of B.C.E..

The mark on Herod's gate at Jerusalem (left) and the crest of the Imperial House of Japan (right)
Japanese Religious Priests "Yamabushi" Put A Black Box on their Foreheads Just As Jews Put A Phylactery on their Foreheads.
"Yamabushi" is a religious man in training unique to Japan. Today, they are thought to belong to Japanese Buddhism. However, Buddhism in China, Korea and India has no such custom. The custom of "yamabushi" existed in Japan before Buddhism was imported into Japan in the seventh century.

On the forehead of "Yamabushi," he puts a black small box called a "tokin", which is tied to his head with a black cord. He greatly resembles a Jew putting on a phylactery (black box) on his forehead with a black cord. The size of this black box "tokin" is almost the same as the Jewish phylactery, but its shape is round and flower-like.

A "yamabushi" with a "tokin" blowing a horn
Originally the Jewish phylactery placed on the forehead seems to have come from the forehead "plate" put on the high priest Aaron with a cord (Exodus 28:36-38). It was about 4 centimeters (1.6 inches) in size according to folklore, and some scholars maintain that it was flower-shaped. If so, it was very similar to the shape of the Japanese "tokin" worn by the "yamabushi".

A Jew with a phylactery blowing a shofar
Israel and Japan are the only two countries that in the world I know of that use of the black forehead box for religious purpose.

Furthermore, the "yamabushi" use a big seashell as a horn. This is very similar to Jews blowing a shofar or ram's horn. The way it is blown and the sounds of the "yamabushi's" horn are very similar to those of a shofar. Because there are no sheep in Japan, the "yamabushi" had to use seashell horns instead of rams' horns.

"Yamabushis" are people who regard mountains as their holy places for religious training. The Israelites also regarded mountains as their holy places. The Ten Commandments of the Torah were given on Mt. Sinai. Jerusalem is a city on a mountain. Jesus (Yeshua) used to climb up the mountain to pray. His apparent transfiguration also occurred on a mountain.

In Japan, there is the legend of "Tengu" who lives on a mountain and has the figure of a "yamabushi". He has a pronounced nose and supernatural capabilities. A "ninja", who was an agent or spy in the old days, while working for his lord, goes to "Tengu" at the mountain to get from him supernatural abilities. "Tengu" gives him a "tora-no-maki" (a scroll of the "tora") after giving him additional powers. This "scroll of the tora" is regarded as a very important book which is helpful for any crisis. Japanese use this word sometimes in their current lives.

There is no knowledge that a real scroll of a Jewish Torah was ever found in a Japanese historical site. However, it appears this "scroll of the tora" is a derivation of the Jewish Torah.
Japanese "Omikoshi" Resembles the Ark of the Covenant.
In the Bible, in First Chronicles, chapter 15, it is written that David brought up the ark of the covenant of the Lord into Jerusalem.

"David and the elders of Israel and the commanders of units of a thousand went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD from the house of Obed-Edom, with rejoicing. ...Now David was clothed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and as were the singers, and Kenaniah, who was in charge of the singing of the choirs. David also wore a linen ephod. So all Israelbrought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouts, with the sounding of rams' horns and trumpets, and of cymbals, and the playing of lyres and harps." (15:25-28)


Illustration of Israeli people carrying the Ark of the Covenant
When I read these passages, I think; "How well does this look like the scene of Japanese people carrying our 'omikoshi' during festivals? The shape of the Japanese 'Omikoshi' appears similar to the ark of the covenant. Japanese sing and dance in front of it with shouts, and to the sounds of musical instruments. These are quite similar to the customs of ancient Israel."

Japanese "Omikoshi" ark
Japanese carry the "omikoshi" on their shoulders with poles - usually two poles. So did the ancient Israelites:
"The Levites carried the ark of God with poles on their shoulders, as Moses had commanded in accordance with the word of the LORD." (1 Chronicles 15:15)

The Israeli ark of the covenant had two poles (Exodus 25:10-15).
Some restored models of the ark as it was imagined to be have used two poles on the upper parts of the ark. But the Bible says those poles were to be fastened to the ark by the four rings "on its four feet" (Exodus 25:12). Hence, the poles must have been attached on the bottom of the ark. This is similar to the Japanese "omikoshi."

The Israeli ark had two statues of gold cherubim on its top. Cherubim are a type of angel, heavenly being having wings like birds. Japanese "omikoshi" also have on its top the gold bird called "Ho-oh" which is an imaginary bird and a mysterious heavenly being.
The entire Israeli ark was overlaid with gold. Japanese "omikoshi" are also overlaid partly and sometimes entirely with gold. The size of an "omikoshi" is almost the same as the Israeli ark. Japanese "omikoshi" could be a remnant of the ark of ancient Israel.
Many Things Concerning the Ark Resemble Japanese Customs.
King David and people of Israelsang and danced to the sounds of musical instruments in front of the ark. We Japanese sing and dance to the sounds of musical instruments in front of "omikoshi" as well.

Several years ago, I saw an American-made movie titled "King David" which was a faithful story of the life of King David. In the movie, David was seen dancing in front of the ark while it was being carried into Jerusalem. I thought: "If the scenery of Jerusalemwere replaced by Japanese scenery, this scene would be just the same as what can be observed in Japanese festivals." The atmosphere of the music also resembles the Japanese style. David's dancing appears similar to Japanese traditional dancing.

At the Shinto shrine festival of "Gion-jinja" in Kyoto, men carry "omikoshi," then enter a river, and cross it. I can't help but think this originates from the memory of the Ancient Israelites carrying the ark as they crossed the Jordan river after their exodus from Egypt.

In a Japanese island of the Inland Sea of Seto, the men selected as the carriers of the "omikoshi" stay together at a house for one week before they would carry the "omikoshi." This is to prevent profaning themselves. Furthermore on the day before they carry "omikoshi," the men bathe in seawater to sanctify themselves. This is similar to an ancient Israelite custom:
"So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the Lord God of Israel." (1 Chronicles 15:14)

The Bible says that after the ark entered Jerusalem and the march was finished, "David distributed to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread, a piece of meat, and a cake of raisins" (1 Chronicles 16:3). This is similar to a Japanese custom. Sweets are distributed to everyone after a Japanese festival. It was a delight during my childhood.
The Robe of Japanese Priests Resembles the Robe of Israeli Priests.
The Bible says that when David brought up the ark into Jerusalem, "David was clothed in a robe of fine linen" (1 Chronicles 15:27). The same was true for the priests and choirs. In the Japanese Bible, this verse is translated into "robe of white linen."

In ancient Israel, although the high priest wore a colorful robe, ordinary priests wore simple white linen. Priests wore white clothes at holy events. Japanese priests also wear white robes at holy events.

In Ise-jingu, one of the oldest Japanese shrines, all of the priests wear white robes. And in many Japanese Shinto shrines, especially traditional ones, the people wear white robes when they carry the "omikoshi" just like the Israelites did.
Buddhist priests wear luxurious colorful robes. However, in the Japanese Shinto religion, white is regarded as the holiest color.

The Emperor of Japan, just after he finishes the ceremony of his accession to the throne, appears alone in front of the Shinto god. When he arrives there, he wears a pure white robe covering his entire body except that his feet are naked. This is similar to the action of Moses and Joshua who removed their sandals in front of God to be in bare feet (Exodus 3:5, Joshua 5:15).
Marvin Tokayer, a rabbi who lived in Japan for 10 years, wrote in his book:
"The linen robes which Japanese Shinto priests wear have the same figure as the white linen robes of the ancient priests of Israel. "

Japanese Shinto priest in white robe with fringes
The Japanese Shinto priest robe has cords of 20-30 centimeters long (about 10 inches) hung from the corners of the robe. These fringes are similar to those of the ancient Israelites. Deuteronomy 22:12 says:
"make them fringes in the... corners of their garments throughout their generations."

Fringes (tassels) were a token that a person was an Israelite. In the gospels of the New Testament, it is also written that the Pharisees "make their tassels on their garments long" (Matthew 23:5). A woman who had been suffering from a hemorrhage came to Jesus (Yeshua) and touched the "tassel on His coat" (Matthew 9:20, The New Testament: A Translation in the Language of the People, translated by Charles B. Williams).

Imagined pictures of ancient Israeli clothing sometimes do not have fringes. But their robes actually had fringes. The Jewish Tallit (prayer shawl), which the Jews put on when they pray, has fringes in the corners according to tradition.

Japanese Shinto priests wear on their robe a rectangle of cloth from their shoulders to thighs. This is the same as the ephod worn by David:
"David also wore a linen ephod." (1 Chronicles 15:27)

Although the ephod of the high priest was colorful with jewels, the ordinary priests under him wore the ephods of simple white linen cloth (1 Samuel 22:18). Rabbi Tokayer states that the rectangle of cloth on the robe of Japanese Shinto priest looks very similar to the ephod of the Kohen, the Jewish priest.

The Japanese Shinto priest puts a cap on his head just like Israeli priest did (Exodus 29:40). The Japanese priest also puts a sash on his waist. So did the Israeli priest. The clothing of Japanese Shinto priests appears to be similar to the clothing used by ancient Israelites.
Waving the Sheaf of Harvest Is Also the Custom of Japan.
The Jews wave a sheaf of their first fruits of grain seven weeks before Shavuot (Pentecost, Leviticus 23:10-11), They also wave a sheaf of plants at Sukkot (the Feast of Booths, Leviticus 23:40). This has been a tradition since the time of Moses. Ancient Israeli priests also waved a plant branch when he sanctifies someone. David said, "Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean" [Psalm 51:7(9)]. This is also a traditional Japanese custom.

Shinto priest waving for sanctification
When a Japanese priest sanctifies someone or something, he waves a tree branch. Or he waves a "harainusa," which is made of a stick and white papers and looks like a plant. Today's "harainusa" is simplified and made of white papers that are folded in a zigzag pattern like small lightning bolts, but in old days it was a plant branch or cereals.

A Japanese Christian woman acquaintance of mine used to think of this "harainusa" as merely a pagan custom. But she later went to the U.S.A.and had an opportunity to attend a Sukkot ceremony. When she saw the Jewish waving of the sheaf of the harvest, she shouted in her heart, "Oh, this is the same as a Japanese priest does! Here lies the home for the Japanese."
The Structure of the Japanese Shinto Shrine is Similar to God's Tabernacle of Ancient Israel.
The inside of God's tabernacle in ancient Israelwas divided into two parts. The first was the Holy Place, and the second was the Holy of Holies. The Japanese Shinto shrine is also divided into two parts.

The functions performed in the Japanese shrine are similar to those of the Israeli tabernacle. Japanese pray in front of its Holy Place. They cannot enter inside. Only Shinto priests and special ones can enter. Shinto priest enters the Holy of Holies of the Japanese shrine only at special times. This is similar to the Israeli tabernacle.

The Japanese Holy of Holies is located usually in far west or far north of the shrine. The Israeli Holy of Holies was located in far west of the temple. Shinto's Holy of Holies is also located on a higher level than the Holy Place, and between them are steps. Scholars state that, in the Israeli temple built by Solomon, the Holy of Holies was on an elevated level as well, and between them there were steps of about 2.7 meters (9 feet) in width.

Typical Japanese Shinto shrine
In front of a Japanese shrine, there are two statues of lions known as "komainu" that sit on both sides of the approach. They are not idols but guards for the shrine. This was also a custom of ancient Israel. In God's temple in Israel and in the palace of Solomon, there were statues or relieves of lions (1 Kings 7:36, 10:19).

"Komainu" guards for shrine
In the early history of Japan, there were absolutely no lions. But the statues of lions have been placed in Japanese shrines since ancient times. It has been proven by scholars that statues of lions located in front of Japanese shrines originated from the Middle East.

Located near the entrance of a Japanese shrine is a "temizuya" - a place for worshipers to wash their hands and mouth. They used to wash their feet, too, in old days. This is a similar custom as is found in Jewish synagogues. The ancient tabernacle and temple of Israelalso had a laver for washing hands and feet near the entrances.

In front of a Japanese shrine, there is a gate called the "torii." The type gate does not exist in China or in Korea, it is peculiar to Japan. The "torii" gate consists of two vertical pillars and a bar connecting the upper parts. But the oldest form consists of only two vertical pillars and a rope connecting the upper parts. When a Shinto priest bows to the gate, he bows to the two pillars separately. It is assumed that the "torii" gate was originally constructed of only two pillars.
In the Israeli temple, there were two pillars used as a gate (1 Kings 7:21). And according to Joseph Eidelberg, in Aramaic language which ancient Israelites used, the word for gate was "tar'a." This word might have changed slightly and become the Japanese "torii".
Some "toriis," especially of old shrines, are painted red. I can't help but think this is a picture of the two door posts and the lintel on which the blood of the lamb was put the night before the exodus from Egypt.

In the Japanese Shinto religion, there is a custom to surround a holy place with a rope called the "shimenawa," which has slips of white papers inserted along the bottom edge of the rope. The "shimenawa" rope is set as the boundary. The Bible says that when Moses was given God's Ten Commandments on Mt. Sinai, he "set bounds" (Exodus 19:12) around it for the Israelites not to approach. Although the nature of these "bounds" is not known, ropes might have been used. The Japanese "shimenawa" rope might then be a custom that originates from the time of Moses. The zigzag pattern of white papers inserted along the rope reminds me of the thunders at Mt. Sinai.

The major difference between a Japanese Shinto shrine and the ancient Israeli temple is that the shrine does not have the burning altar for animal sacrifices. I used to wonder why Shinto religion does not have the custom of animal sacrifices if Shinto originated from the religion of ancient Israel.But then I found the answer in Deuteronomy, chapter 12. Moses commanded the people not to offer any animal sacrifices at any other locations except at specific places in Canaan (12:10-14). Hence, if the Israelites came to ancient Japan, they would not be permitted to offer animal sacrifices.

Shinto shrine is usually built on a mountain or a hill. Almost every mountain in Japan has a shrine, even you find a shrine on top of Mt. Fuji. In ancient Israel, on mountains were usually located worship places called "the high places". The temple of Jerusalem was built on a mountain (Mt. Moriah). Moses was given the Ten Commandments from God on Mt. Sinai. It was thought in Israel that mountain is a place close to God.

Many Shinto shrines are built with the gates in the east and the Holy of Holies in the west as we see in Matsuo grand shrine (Matsuo-taisya) in Kyoto and others. While, others are built with the gates in the south and the Holy of Holies in the north. The reason of building with the gates in the east (and the Holy of Holies in the west) is that the sun comes from the east. The ancient Israeli tabernacle or temple was built with the gate in the east and the Holy of Holies in the west, based on the belief that the glory of God comes from the east.

All Shinto shrines are made of wood. Many parts of the ancient Israeli temple were also made of wood. The Israelites used stones in some places, but walls, floors, ceilings and all of the insides were overlaid with wood (1 Kings 6:9, 15-18), which was cedars from Lebanon (1 Kings 5:6). In Japanthey do not have cedars from Lebanon, so in Shinto shrines they use Hinoki cypress which is hardly eaten by bugs like cedars from Lebanon.The wood of the ancient Israeli temple was all overlaid with gold (1 Kings 6:20-30). In Japan the important parts of the main shrine of Ise-jingu, for instance, are overlaid with gold.
Many Japanese Customs Resemble Those of Ancient Israel.
When Japanese people pray in front of the Holy Placeof a Shinto shrine, they firstly ring the golden bell which is hung at the center of the entrance. This was also the custom of the ancient Israel. The high priest Aaron put "bells of gold" on the hem of his robe. This was so that its sound might be heard and he might not die when ministered there (Exodus 28:33-35).
Golden bell at the entrance of Shinto shrine
Japanese people clap their hands two times when they pray there. This was, in ancient Israel, the custom to mean, "I keep promises." In the Scriptures, you can find the word which is translated into "pledge." The original meaning of this word in Hebrew is, "clap his hand" (Ezekiel 17:18, Proverbs 6:1). It seems that the ancient Israelites clapped their hands when they pledged or did something important.

Japanese people bow in front of the shrine before and after clapping their hands and praying. They also perform a bow as a polite greeting when they meet each other. To bow was also the custom of the ancient Israel. Jacob bowed when he was approaching Esau (Genesis 33:3).
Ordinarily, contemporary Jews do not bow. However, they bow when reciting prayers. Modern Ethiopians have the custom of bowing, probably because of the ancient Jews who immigrated to Ethiopiain ancient days. The Ethiopian bow is similar to the Japanese bow.

We Japanese have the custom to use salt for sanctification. People sometimes sow salt after an offensive person leaves. When I was watching a TV drama from the times of the Samurai, a woman threw salt on the place where a man she hated left. This custom is the same as that of the ancient Israelites. After Abimelech captured an enemy city, "he sowed it with salt" (Judges 9:45). We Japanese quickly interpret this to mean to cleanse and sanctify the city.

I hear that when Jews move to a new house they sow it with salt to sanctify it and cleanse it. This is true also in Japan. In Japanese-style restaurants, they usually place salt near the entrance. Jews use salt for Kosher meat. All Kosher meat is purified with salt and all meals start with bread and salt.
Japanese people place salt at the entrance of a funeral home. After coming back from a funeral, one has to sprinkle salt on oneself before entering his/her house. It is believed in Shinto that anyone who went to a funeral or touched a dead body had become unclean. Again, this is the same concept as was observed by the ancient Israelites.

Japanese "sumo" wrestler sowing with salt
Japanese "sumo" wrestlers sow the sumo ring with salt before they fight. European or American people wonder why they sow salt. But Rabbi Tokayer wrote that Jews quickly understand its meaning.
Japanese people offer salt every time they perform a religious offering, This is the same custom used by the Israelites:
"With all your offerings you shall offer salt." (Leviticus 2:13)

Japanese people in old times had the custom of putting some salt into their baby's first bath. The ancient Israelites washed a newborn baby with water after rubbing the baby softly with salt (Ezekiel 16:4). Sanctification and cleansing with salt and/or water is a common custom among both the Japanese and the ancient Israelites.

In the Hebrew Scriptures, the words "clean" and "unclean" often appear. Europeans and Americans are not familiar with this concept, but the Japanese understand it. A central concept of Shinto is to value cleanness and to avoid uncleanness. This concept probably came from ancient Israel.
Similar to Judaism, in Japanese Shinto Religion, There Are No Idols
Buddhist temples have idols which are carved in the shape of Buddha and other gods. However in Japanese Shinto shrines, there are no idols.
In the center of the Holy of Holies of a Shinto shrine, there is a mirror, sword, or pendant. Nevertheless, Shinto believers do not regard these items as their gods. In Shinto, gods are thought to be invisible. The mirror, sword, and pendant are not idols but merely objects to show that it is a holy place where invisible gods come down.

In the ark of the covenant of ancient Israel, there were stone tablets of God's Ten Commandments, a jar of manna and the rod of Aaron. These were not idols, but objects to show that it was the holy place where the invisible God comes down. The same thing can be said concerning the objects in Japanese shrines.
Old Japanese Words Have Hebrew Origin.
Joseph Eidelberg, a Jew who once came to Japanand remained for years at a Japanese Shinto shrine, wrote a book entitled "The Japanese and the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel." He wrote that many Japanese words originated from ancient Hebrew.For instance, we Japanese say "hazukashime" to mean disgrace or humiliation. In Hebrew, it is "hadak hashem" (tread down the name; see Job 40:12). The pronunciation and the meaning of both of them are almost the same.

We say "anta" to mean "you," which is the same in Hebrew. Kings in ancient Japan were called with the word "mikoto," which could be derived from a Hebrew word "malhuto" which means "his kingdom." The Emperor of Japan is called "mikado." This resembles the Hebrew word, "migadol," which means "the noble." The ancient Japanese word for an area leader is "agata-nushi;" "agata" is "area" and "nushi" is "leader." In Hebrew, they are called "aguda" and "nasi."
When we Japanese count, "One, two, three... ten," we sometimes say:

"Hi, fu, mi, yo, itsu, mu, nana, ya, kokono, towo."

This is a traditional expression, but its meaning is unknown it is thought of as being Japanese.
It has been said that this expression originates from an ancient Japanese Shinto myth. In the myth, the female god, called "Amaterasu," who manages the world's sunlight, once hid herself in a heavenly cave, and the world became dark. Then, according to the oldest book of Japanese history, the priest called "Koyane" prayed with words before the cave and in front of the other gods to have "Amaterasu" come out. Although the words said in the prayer are not written, a legend says that these words were, "Hi, fu, mi...."

"Amaterasu" is hiding in a heavenly cave; "Koyane" is praying and "Uzume" is dancing.
Joseph Eidelberg stated that this is a beautiful Hebrew expression, if it is supposed that there were some pronunciation changes throughout history. These words are spelled:
"Hifa mi yotsia ma na'ne ykakhena tavo."
This means: "The beautiful (Goddess). Who will bring her out? What should we call out (in chorus) to entice her to come?" This surprisingly fits the situation of the myth.
Moreover, we Japanese not only say, "Hi, hu, mi...," but also say with the same meaning:

"Hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu, yottsu, itsutsu, muttsu, nanatsu, yattsu, kokonotsu, towo."

Here, "totsu" or "tsu" is put to each of "Hi, hu, mi..." as the last part of the words. But the last "towo" (which means ten) remains the same. "Totsu" could be the Hebrew word "tetse," which means, "She comes out. " And "tsu" may be the Hebrew word "tse" which means "Come out."
Eidelberg believed that these words were said by the gods who surrounded the priest, "Koyane." That is, when "Koyane" first says, "Hi," the surrounding gods add, "totsu" (She comes out) in reply, and secondly, when "Koyane" says, "Fu," the gods add "totsu" (tatsu), and so on. In this way, it became "Hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu...."

However, the last word, "towo," the priest, "Koyane," and the surrounding gods said together. If this is the Hebrew word "tavo," it means, "(She) shall come." When they say this, the female god, "Amaterasu," came out.

"Hi, fu, mi..." and "Hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu..." later were used as the words to count numbers.
In addition, the name of the priest, "Koyane," sounds close to a Hebrew word, "kohen," which means, "a priest." Eidelberg showed many other examples of Japanese words (several thousand) which appeared to have a Hebrew origin. This does not appear to be accidental.

In ancient Japanese folk songs, many words appear that are not understandable as Japanese. Dr. Eiji Kawamorita considered that many of them are Hebrew. A Japanese folk song in Kumamoto prefecture is sung, "Hallelujah, haliya, haliya, tohse, Yahweh, Yahweh, yoitonnah...." This also sounds as if it is Hebrew.
Similarity Between the Biblical Genealogy and Japanese Mythology
There is a remarkable similarity between the Biblical article and Japanese mythology. A Japanese scholar points out that the stories around Ninigi in the Japanese mythology greatly resemble the stories around Jacob in the Bible.
In the Japanese mythology, the Imperial family of Japanand the nation of Yamato (the Japanese) are descendants from Ninigi, who came from heaven. Ninigi is the ancestor of the tribe of Yamato, or Japanese nation. While Jacob is the ancestor of the Israelites.

In the Japanese mythology, it was not Ninigi who was to come down from heaven, but the other. But when the other was preparing, Ninigi was born and in a result, instead of him, Ninigi came down from heaven and became the ancestor of the Japanese nation. In the same way, according to the Bible, it was Esau, Jacob's elder brother, who was to become God's nation but in a result, instead of Esau, God's blessing for the nation was given to Jacob, and Jacob became the ancestor of the Israelites.

And in the Japanese mythology, after Ninigi came from heaven, he fell in love with a beautiful woman named Konohana-sakuya-hime and tried to marry her. But her father asked him to marry not only her but also her elder sister. However the elder sister was ugly and Ninigi gave her back to her father. In the same way, according to the Bible, Jacob fell in love with beautiful Rachel and tried to marry her (Genesis chapter 29). But her father says to Jacob that he cannot give the younger sister before the elder, so he asked Jacob to marry the elder sister (Leah) also. However the elder sister was not so beautiful, Jacob disliked her. Thus, there is a parallelism between Ninigi and Jacob.

And in the Japanese mythology, Ninigi and his wife Konohana-sakuya-hime bear a child named Yamasachi-hiko. But Yamasachi-hiko is bullied by his elder brother and has to go to the country of a sea god. There Yamasachi-hiko gets a mystic power and troubles the elder brother by giving him famine, but later forgives his sin. In the same way, according to the Bible, Jacob and his wife Rachel bear a child named Joseph. But Joseph is bullied by his elder brothers and had to go to Egypt. There Joseph became the prime minister of Egypt and gets power, and when the elder brothers came to Egypt because of famine, Joseph helped them and forgives their sin. Thus, there is a parallelism between Yamasachi-hiko and Joseph.

Similarity between the biblical genealogy and Japanese mythology
And in the Japanese mythology, Yamasachi-hiko married a daughter of the sea god, and bore a child named Ugaya-fukiaezu. Ugaya-fukiaezu had 4 sons. But his second and third sons were gone to other places. The forth son is emperor Jinmu who conquers the land of Yamato. On this line is the Imperial House of Japan.

While, what is it in the Bible? Joseph married a daughter of a priest in Egypt, and bore Manasseh and Ephraim. Ephraim resembles Ugaya-fukiaezu in the sense that Ephraim had 4 sons, but his second and third sons were killed and died early (1 Chronicles 7:20-27), and a descendant from the forth son was Joshua who conquered the land of Canaan (the land of Israel). On the line of Ephraim is the Royal House of the Ten Tribes of Israel.

Thus we find a remarkable similarity between the biblical genealogy and Japanese mythology - between Ninigi and Jacob, Yamasachi-hiko and Joseph, and the Imperial family of Japan and the tribe of Ephraim.

Furthermore, in the Japanese mythology, the heaven is called Hara of Takama (Takama-ga-hara or Takama-no-hara). Ninigi came from there and founded the Japanese nation. Concerning this Hara of Takama, Zen'ichirou Oyabe, a Japanese researcher, thought that this is the city Haranin the region of Togarmah where Jacob and his ancestors once lived; Jacob lived in Haran of Togarmah for a while, then came to Canaanand founded the Israeli nation.

Jacob once saw in a dream the angels of God ascending and descending between the heaven and the earth (Genesis 28:12), when Jacob was given a promise of God that his descendants would inherit the land of Canaan. This was different from Ninigi's descending from heaven, but resembles it in image.

Thus, except for details, the outline of the Japanese mythology greatly resembles the records of the Bible. It is possible to think that the myths of Kojiki and Nihon-shoki, the Japanese chronicles written in the 8th century, were originally based on Biblical stories but later added with various pagan elements. Even it might be possible to think that the Japanese mythology was originally a kind of genealogy which showed that the Japanese are descendants from Jacob, Joseph, and Ephraim.
Impurity during Menstruation and Bearing Child
The concept of uncleanness during menstruation and bearing child has existed in Japan since ancient times.It has been a custom in Japan since old days that woman during menstruation should not attend holy events at shrine. She could not have sex with her husband and had to shut herself up in a hut (called Gekkei-goya in Japanese), which is built for collaboration use in village, during her menstruation and several days or about 7 days after the menstruation. This custom had been widely seen in Japan until Meiji era (about 100 years ago). After the period of shutting herself up ends, she had to clean herself by natural water as river, spring, or sea. It there is no natural water, it can be done in bathtub.

This resembles ancient Israeli custom very much. In ancient Israel, woman during menstruation could not attend holy events at the temple, had to be apart from her husband, and it was custom to shut herself up in a hut during her menstruation and 7 days after the menstruation (Leviticus 15:19, 28). This shutting herself up was said "to continue in the blood of her purification", and this was for purification and to make impurity apart from the house or the village.

Menstruation hut used by Falasha, Ethiopian Jews
This remains true even today. There are no sexual relations, for the days of menstruation and an additional 7 days. Then the woman goes to the Mikveh, ritual bath. The water of the Mikveh must be natural water. There are cases of gathering rainwater and putting it to the Mikveh bathtub. In case of not having enough natural water, water from faucet is added.

Modern people may feel irrational about this concept but women during menstruation or bearing child need rest physically and mentally. Woman herself says that she feels impure in her blood in the period. "To continue in the blood of her purification" refers to this need of rest of her blood.
Not only concerning menstruation, but also the concept concerning bearing child in Japanese Shinto resembles the one of ancient Israel.

A mother who bore a child is regarded unclean in a certain period. This concept is weak among the Japanese today, but was very common in old days. The old Shinto book, Engishiki (the 10th century C.E.), set 7 days as a period that she cannot participate in holy events after she bore a child. This resembles an ancient custom of Israel, for the Bible says that when a woman has conceived, and borne a male child, then she shall be "unclean 7 days". She shall then "continue in the blood of her purification 33 days". In the case that she bears a female child, then she shall be "unclean two weeks", and she shall "continue in the blood of her purification 66 days'" (Leviticus 12:2-5).

In Japan it had been widely seen until Meiji era that woman during pregnancy and after bearing child shut herself up in a hut (called Ubu-goya in Japanese) and lived there. The period was usually during the pregnancy and 30 days or so after she bore a child (The longest case was nearly 100 days). This resembles the custom of ancient Israel.

In ancient Israel, after this period of purification the mother could come to the temple with her child for the first time. Also in the custom of Japanese Shinto, after this period of purification the mother can come to the shrine with her baby. In modern Japan it is generally 32 days (or 31 days) after she bore the baby in case of a male, and 33 days in case of a female.
But when they come to the shrine, it is not the mother who carries the baby. It is a traditional custom that the baby should be carried not by the mother, but usually by the husband's mother (mother-in-law). This is a remarkable similarity of purity and impurity of the mother, after childbirth, with ancient Israeli custom.
Japanese "Mizura" and Jewish Peyot
The photo below (left) is a statue of an ancient Japanese Samurai found in relics of the late 5th century C.E. in Nara, Japan. This statue shows realistically the ancient Japanese men's hair style called "mizura," which hair comes down under his cap and hangs in front of both ears with some curling. This hair style was widely seen among Japanese Samurais, and it was unique to Japan, not the one which came from the cultures of China or Korea.

Ancient Japanese Samurai's hair style "mizura" (left) and Jewish "peyot" (right)
Is it a mere coincidence that this resembles Jewish "peyot" (payot) very much, which is also a hair style of hanging the hair in front of the ears long with some curling (photo right)? "Peyot" is a unique hair style for Jews and the origin is very old. Leviticus 19:27 of the Bible mentions:
"'Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head."

So, this custom originated from the ancient Israelites. The "peyot" custom of today's Hasidic Jews is a recovery of this ancient custom. Yemenite Jews have had this custom since ancient times. There is a statue from Syria, which is from the 8th or 9th century B.C.E.. It shows a Hebrew man with peyot and a fringed shawl.
DNA Research on the Japanese and Jews

DNA shows the common ancestry of the Japanese and Jews

Recent DNA researches on Y-chromosome showed that about 40 % of the Japanese have DNA of haplogroup D. Y-chromosome DNA is passed from father to son, and is classified according to genetic features into genetic groups called “haplogroups” from A to T. Only Japanese and Tibetan peoples in the world have haplogroup D at a high frequency. D is rarely found even among the Chinese and Koreans.

According to geneticists, haplogroup D is the compatriot of haplogroup E, which is found in all Jewish groups of the world. Haplogroups D and E were once one and have the common origin, as Wikipedia encyclopedia states:
“Along with haplogroup E, D contains the distinctive YAP polymorphism, which indicates their common ancestry.” [Haplogroup D (Y-DNA)]

According to Family Tree DNA, a DNA test provider, especially E1b1b1 type of haplogroup E is “found in all Jewish populations, from Ashkenazi, Sephardic, Kurdish, Yemen, Samaritan and even among Djerba Jewish groups.” They use this genetic marker to find Jewish descendants.


The Pathans in Afghanistan and Pakistan, who are said to be descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel, have haplogroup E remarkably. The Uzbekistan Jews, who are also said to be from the Lost Tribes, have haplogroup E at the frequency of 28 %. The Falasha, Ethiopian Jews, have haplogroup E at 50 %. Haplogroup E is found even among those said to be from the Lost Tribes of Israel.

Haplogroups D and E were once one, but became separate in the Near East. Those who remained in the Near East or went west became Jews, while those who moved east became the Lost Tribes of Israel in the East, including”Israelite Tibetans” and the Japanese.

What I call “Israelite Tibetans” are the Chiang (Qiang) people (southwest China), the Shinlung (Bnei Menashe, northeast India) and the Karen (Myanmar). They all live near Tibet and speak language of Tibet-Burma language group. Rabbi Eliyahu Avichail of Amishav thinks that these tribes are descendants of the Lost Tribes, because they have many ancient Israeli customs. It is noteworthy that especially 23% of the Chiang people have haplogroup D, which came from the common ancestor with E. The Japanese, having haplogroup D also, are closely related to them.

Rabbi Avichail thinks that these Chiang, Shinlung and Karen were once one and the same tribe, because they all once wandered in China, were persecuted by the Chinese and lost the Torah there, having the same legends and customs. It seems that the origins of the Japanese and these Israelite Tibetans were once the same.

Current Jews, both Ashkenazi and Sephardic, mainly have haplogroups J, E and R. It is thought that ancient Jews mainly had haplogroups J and E.
Some people think that especially J was peculiar to original Jews, because about 80% of paternally inherited Cohen families, who are descendants of the High Priest Aaron, belong to J. However, Aaron was a Levite, and J is found among paternal Levites only at a relatively low frequency. The Levites have haplogroup E as other Jews do, and Samaritan Levite priests belong to haplogroup E. For haplogroup E is found in all Jewish groups of the world, E had been a distinctive Jewish haplogroup since before the diaspora of 70 C.E..

Israelites had experienced blood mixing since very early times. The Bible mentions about the exodusfrom Egypt, "Many other people who were not Israelites went with them"(Exodus 12:38, New Century Version). Moses many times mentioned about foreigners living among his people. They could become Israelites if circumcised and living as Israelites (Exodus 12:48, etc). There were thus some haplogroups found among ancient Israelites.

However, most of the
peoples who are said to be from the Lost Tribes of Israel do not have haplogroup J, including the following peoples:
*Chiang (Qiang, southwest China)
*Bnei Menashe (Shinlung, northeast India)
*Karen (Myanmar)
*Bene Ephraim (South India)
*Beta Israel (Falasha, Ethiopia)
*Bukharan Jews (Persian Jews)
*Igbo Jews (Nigeria)

The Japanese also do not have haplogroup J. It seems that the basic haplogroup of ancient Israelites was haplogroup E or haplogroup DE (ancestor of haplogroups D and E). Today, the Pathans and Uzbekistan Jews, who are the Lost Tribes of Israel living in West Asia or Central Asia, have haplogroup E. While in the East, the Chiang and the Japanese have haplogroup D.
D and E were once one. The Japanese are genetically from the Lost Tribes of Israel.

To be continued to:
Chapter 2 - The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Myanmar, and China

Chapter 3 - Did the Lost Tribes of Israel Come To Ancient Japan?

Chapter 4 - Various Other Similarities Between Ancient Israel and Ancient Japan

Please feel free to print this site for your personal use, and distribute it to your friends.
Arimasa Kubo

Remnant Publishing
E-mail: remnant@aioros.ocn.ne.jp (Your thoughts and opinions are welcome, although I may not be able to reply to all.)
Home-page is here.

For more information


Free DVD on Israelites and the Japanese
I appeared in a Japanese TV program on this topic, broadcasted from a major TV station. The program was entitled "The Roots of Japan Were Ancient Israel!?"I added English subtitles to it so that English speaking people may understand. It is an interesting video and you will enjoy it.
(Content)
Similarities between Israeli customs and Japanese ones, Similarities between Hebrew and Japanese, Gion Festival, Isaac Festival at Suwa, Tengu Was Israelite?, Sumo Wrestling Was Israeli Ritual?, the Israeli Ark at Mt. Tsurugi?, the Hata clan, etc. (about 90 minuets in total)
I can send you a DVD copy of the video for free, if you send me the following email. Please send your email to remnant@aioros.ocn.ne.jp including your postal address like the following.
*********************************************
To Remnant Publishing
Please send me a free copy of the DVD "The Roots of Japan Were Ancient Israel!?"

Mr. or Ms.?:
Name :
Address:
Country:
*********************************************
(You can copy and paste to the email text field.)
Recommended books:
The following are the books written by Jewish researchers on the connections between the Israelites and the Japanese.
*The Biblical Hebrew Origin of the Japanese People, written by Joseph Eidelberg (English and Hebrew).
*In the Footsteps of the Lost Ten Tribes, written by Avigdor Shachan (English and Hebrew).
*The Tribes of Israel - The Lost and the Dispersed, written by Rabbi Eliyahu Avichail (English and Hebrew).
*If you can read Japanese, "Nihon-Yudaya, Huuin no Kodaishi" which is written by Rabbi Marvin Tokayer and published by Tokuma-shoten is the best book on this topic (This book includes many pictures. The English version is not published yet).
Other recommended links:
(video)
Who are the Japanese?
Bnei Menashe
Japanese-Jewish Resources
Straight Talk About God (Lost Tribes)
Biblical Hebrew Origins of the Japanese People



http://www5.ocn.ne.jp/~magi9/isracame.htm

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Old 04-30-2012, 07:22 AM
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good post, thanks. haven't heard this before but there are some threads on here about the lost tribes.
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Old 05-30-2012, 06:01 PM
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Very interesting, Makoto, and thank you for your post. Just bear in mind the tribes were not exactly lost. Large numbers crowded south in tiny Israel, into southern Israel, aka tribal area of Yehuda and Binyamin. For many, it was not exactly history's most dramatic trek. The southern kingdom of Yehudah was also Israel, which many people forget. Israel was divided politically, but not into two peoples. Thus Hezakiah gathering in Israelites from all 12 tribes for a mass Passover Seder.

See 2 Chronicles 30.

Yes, some were dispersed and lost, but by no means were ALL the people of the northern tribes lost. Part of the tribe of Issachar returned to Israel from Bukhara. Many were dispersed by the Assyrians in the areas outside of Israel, but not very distant, and there remained contact between Israelites in Israel, and those not so far away.

The archaeological record shows dramatic increase in terracing of the Judean hills after the Assyrian invasion of the north, as refugees flooded into southern Israel (aka Kingdom of Yehudah), and room for settlement and growing food had to be found.

Could some Jews have made it to Japan?

The children of Israel have made it to just about everywhere else, so why not. But the northern tribes are not exactly lost to us, and we always had some connection to them over the last 2600 years. It is right there in 2Chronicles that many northerners fled into southern Israel (Yehuda), yet the mysterious Lost Tribe idea persists. No mystery, and not exactly lost. Some were dispersed, almost to all corners. The Israel stories of the Ireland and the British Isles are legion. Halls of Tara/Halls of Torah, Jacob's Pillow and the Stone of Destiny in Ireland, and the Stone of Scone in Scotland. Etc.

(Maybe you know Isaac Isheguru of Mino Mission?)

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Old 05-31-2012, 11:18 PM
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This all connects to what the Creation Evidence Museum had discovered about the Mandarin language and other facts they found. There is a word in the mandarin language that is a pictogram that is very similar to the story of Adam and Eve. I can't remember all the details but they did a taping of their findings, presenting their knowledge in the museum.

Also there is a Cherokee tribe that is in East Tennessee (USA) that claims to be one of the lost tribes, citing similarities, etc. However, supposedly a DNA test turned up negative. They still insist that their claim is accurate.

While I am part Cherokee myself and from Tennessee, my great great grandmother (Or great grandmother, I forget) was not from that area. I believe the state was actually Kentucky.
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Old 06-01-2012, 04:56 AM
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SINGLE-POINT ORIGINS: As numerous as mankind is today, numbers were very small if we go back, say, to the days of the Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Estimates range from 20-25 million people of all description for the entire planet. Much earlier, and human beings only existed in a few areas as wide-ranging hunter-gatherers on an overwhelmingly wild, natural planet.

COLLECTIVE MEMORY: Simply put, the rich diversity of culture and language and religion and mythology and ethnicity was not nearly what it was to become later. The underlying memories and histories of mankind were all very similar sets of knowlege and belief of a few wandering groups of human beings with a single original starting-point.

Obviously, those of a Biblical faith, and those who are secular, can and do differ on many points. However both sides acknowlege that man had a very small number of core areas out of which ancient civilisations and cultures developed. The middle east, and the Fertile Crescent. Anatolia being one of the most famous areas of first agriculture, first cities, pictographic and later alphabetic writing, record-keeping, regional government and organised states. (Secularists usually prefer the leaky Leakey theories--though I do admire his diligence and persistence and he was not all wrong so much as very incomplete and premature of conclusion.)

To make a long story less long: It is absolutely no surprise that a small number of people starting out from one area would share a lot of history and culture. As they spread out, their collective story goes with them. It might undergo change and transformation, and be added-to in new surroundings, but the ideational germ of the original narratives would not likely dissappear altogether.

Thus many solid bits & pieces of what the secularist might call myth and legend, and Biblically-minded folk collective history, do repeat in cultures around the small planet we all live on. For all cultures and ethnicities and nationalities to be unique in origin and development would be freakish--and is not the case in fact.

LANGUAGE is a key tool, and unfortunately modern linguistics had a start in a very anti-Semitic academic environment that was obsessed with Greece and Rome, Egypt, Persia. These western scholars jumped over the Semites, and the Semitic languages, in order to remove western civilisation from the possibility of any Semitic cultural or lingustic roots (note the distain of the Nazi elite for both Torah Judaism AND Biblical Christianity!). Israel and Hebrew were insignificant, tiny, and of no great importance to the great sweep of Westerndom for many academics pioneering the study of proto-Indo-European language. Europe -> Indus Valley region. A giant leap geographical, and a leap in faith as well, right over the entire Semitic world.

DEMOGRAPHICS: 2000 years ago the total world-wide Israelite population was around 10 million, while the entire population of the world was around 200 million. That is about 5% of the world--much, much higher that the portion of Israelites today. We are around 14 millions out of a world population of over 7 billion.

What is important to note is that we were 25% of the population of Roman empire in the eastern Mediterranean region, and about 10% of the entire empire.

The role of ancient Israelites, or "Jews" or "Judeans" as the Graeco-Roman world ended up calling ancient Israelis, was much greater.

If we go back in time before the rise of the Graeco-Roman classical world, the proportion of Jews in the world may--I stress only the possibility--have been even greater than in the Roman period. In the Egyptian period, the Pharoahs worried about being overtaken by the Israelites then living in their Goshen provence.

Now we can go back to the largely unrecorded misty, mystical days of prehistory and see why far-flung peoples and cultures and ethnicities and nationalities have similar stories, all with an apparent middle eastern, or near by, origin.

It is still a bit taboo to suggest Semitic-Israelite linguistic and cultural elements spread around the world in other peoples and languages, but a small number of serious scholars, both Jewish and western, have looked seriously at what they perceive to be remnants of proto-Hebrew language in world languages, and of religious practices.

A vast topic!

Last edited by David of Galilee; 06-01-2012 at 05:23 AM..
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Old 12-14-2012, 08:53 PM
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Israel finds some of the Tribe of Manasseh


[IMG]file:///C:\DOCUME~1\Kevin\LOCALS~1\Temp\msohtml1\01\clip_i mage001.jpg[/IMG]
ICEJ Report: The lost tribe of Menashe

Friday, August 17, 2012 5:30 PM


ICEJ REPORT
Ministry Update for August 17, 2012
The Lost Tribe of Menasseh
The Bnei Menashe of northeast India have traced their Jewish roots back to 700 B.C. when they were taken captive by the Assyrians. Today, that heritage has been recognized in Israel and they are finally starting to make their way home, just as Isaiah prophesied ...
Watch now
»
http://us.icej.org/content/icej-repo...tribe-menashe?




[IMG]file:///C:\DOCUME~1\Kevin\LOCALS~1\Temp\msohtml1\01\clip_i mage001.jpg[/IMG]
The children of Manasseh are coming home!

Thursday, August 23, 2012 3:20 PM


The Lost Children of Manasseh
Give now to support the historic return of the long lost Indian Jews!
Jewish 'Bnei Menashe' children ready to 'come home' from northern India as promised in Scripture:
"I will bring your descendants from the East..." Isaiah 43:5-7
Dear Kevin,
This summer, we are witnessing a miraculous moment of history. The descendents of one of Israel's ten lost tribes are coming home according to the promise of Isaiah 43!
Here are the FACTS:
  • The 'Bnei Menashe' are an ancient Jewish community of 7,000 in northern India
  • After extensive investigation Israeli authorities have identified the Bnei Menashe as the direct descendants of the northern tribe of Manasseh, exiled by the Assyrians in 722 BC.
  • Despite more than 2,700 years of exile, they've preserved their Jewish heritage
  • ...And for the past 5 years they have been waiting for approval to return 'home' to Israel.
THE DOOR HAS OPENED FOR THE TRIBE OF MANASSEH TO RETURN TO ISRAEL!
The Christian Embassy has been given the privilege of sponsoring the first flight of Bnei Menashe families, expected to arrive in September. Each seat costs $1,200 and by the grace of God the ICEJ intends to sponsor all 270 new immigrants onboard!
We are asking ALL of our Christian friends to be part of this history-making event!
YOUR GIFT OF $1200 WILL BRING ONE OF THESE EXILES HOME.
If you cannot give the full amount, please give what you can. Consider giving $600, $300 or even $100 to make this MIRACLE a REALITY.
Every gift counts! Help us bring the lost children of Manaseh home to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles in Jerusalem for the first time in nearly 3,000 years!
Thank you in advance for your generous support.
For Zion's Sake!
[IMG]file:///C:\DOCUME~1\Kevin\LOCALS~1\Temp\msohtml1\01\clip_i mage004.jpg[/IMG]
Susan Michael
Director, ICEJ USA
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Old 12-15-2012, 11:49 AM
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A potentially fantastically interesting topic, but it needs a lot of discernment and a lot of awareness of sources.

But is this a discussion, or an appeal for money? Is someone at the other end who really wants a conversation on the ideas here presented under the name Makoto? Unclear to me.

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Old 12-15-2012, 01:49 PM
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Great civilisations, an alliance based on common American allies perhaps in future and an axis with India to counter China.
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Old 12-17-2012, 01:04 PM
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"but it needs a lot of discernment and a lot of awareness of sources."
One source is ICEJ (International Christian Embassy in Jerusalem), is reporting from Israeli media! A VERY pro-Israel ministry with the headquarters in Israel!
Second source; check out the Israeli media.
Third source; check it out with Israeli government, since they are the one's that allowed them to immigrate?

Seems to me like an exciting story.
One (at least a portion) of the (Lost)Ten Tribes of the Northern Kingdom has official returned!

At least I think it is exciting, and I am not Hebrew (that I know of).

http://vimeo.com/47154180

http://int.icej.org/content/icej-rep...-tribe-menashe

http://int.icej.org/news/headlines/b...-5-year-freeze

http://int.icej.org/news/special-rep...ldren-manasseh




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Old 12-17-2012, 02:10 PM
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ICEJ is well-known to us in Israel as a strongly supportive Christian group. As far as I know they are just reporting other peoples' work. As for our government, there is not exactly much published by them on this topic, and almost nothing in Hebrew (which is the language of our government documents). It is academic scholars who do most of the research, in fact almost all of it.

Jews and non-Jews have been talking about this topic in its many forms for hundreds of years--it is not a new field of study. It does intrigue people. I live in the middle of the miracle of the Return of Israel from around the world to its own land. I've always been interested in where all of my people got too, even if the "Lost Tribe" idea is a bit confused. Internally, we have always known that many of our people are only half-hidden in various pockets.

What do you want to say about this Japan connection? I'd be interested to know. After all, this field has many theories and opinions, and claims to specific knowledge. Are there ideas that you support more than others? Many believe "white" or European peoples to be of ancient Israeli descent. Others look mostly to various Asian and African ethnic groups. You have brought up a Japanese connection.

What is clear is that anywhere up to several hundred million people around the world may have a significant direct blood/genetic relationship to Israel.

Last edited by David of Galilee; 12-17-2012 at 02:20 PM..
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Old 12-17-2012, 04:26 PM
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While as a historian I agree history is fascinating, we must look to the future.
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Old 12-17-2012, 05:47 PM
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Just curious not so much who Makoto is, but what he or she thinks, after starting this thread.

The part of all this that is connected to the future for us, is that we are bringing various survival communities of Israel home, if quietly. Many do feel that neither the Askenazim nor the Sefardim have any right to monopolize the name "Israeli" at the expense of Israelis isolated as long as 2700 years ago from the main stream.

When I was a child, we used to think that God would sort out the "lost" ones, because we could only identify some of these disattached tribes. People sometimes forget that we are tribal in origin, much the Iroquois of the American northeast, and less like a modern nation-state like Denmark or Ireland. Believe me, we could go back to tribalism in a heart-beat!

Menashei/Manasseh was the Big Res, and was all on the east side of the Jordan. If too many come home, we'll have to move back across the Jordan to find space for them! Efra'im, too was east.
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Old 12-17-2012, 08:36 PM
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"we must look to the future."
THIS IS THE FUTURE!, especially for Israel.

"What do you want to say about this Japan connection? I'd be interested to know. After all, this field has many theories and opinions, and claims to specific knowledge."
--- If you read the article on the begining of this thread, it mentions about a Hebrew identifier in the Japanese DNA that the Koreans and Chinese do NOT have.
---Both Japanese and Chinese history have mentions of a large migration to Japan in the ancient times.
---RECOMMENDATION: At the end of the article, at the begining of this thread, there is an e-mail that you can recieve a FREE DVD, from the Japanese pastor that is doing at lot of research in this subject. It is in Japanese, but has English sub-titles.
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Old 12-18-2012, 05:33 AM
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Article-reading... at the end of every day I have, between forums and emails, hundreds of web-links!

I have all kinds of detailed discussions on the genetic models used to determine Jewishness, and even what defines being a Jew from a spiritual standpoint, and how this all relates to us in Israel, now and in the future.

NO ONE is surprise or shocked to fined elements of ancient Israeli populations around the worlds. As we say in Hebrew, that is YADU'AH KVAR, well-known and common knowledge.

We've long ago determined with genetic studies that Ashkenazim and Sefardim in all their geographical locations, far from each other and far from Israel, were still a middle-eastern people. Not Slavic, not Germanic, not Turkic/Kuzari, etc.

Maybe this is a surprise, and therefore astounding new information to people who believe themselves now to be Israeli. Believe me, we see many people in Israel every year who are certan that they are "Jews" (more correctly Israelis, or Israelites). Maybe they are!

So, down to the Japanese and Y-Chromosomes! I take a look at the data.

Still I'd rather a discussion than list of URLs. URLs are great for quickly relating a news story or other current events. But this topic is huge, and how anyone interested in it handles the genetic and historical and ethno-cultural literature--which is often contradictory--is critical.

And of course is difficult to avoid diving deep into the chromosome pool, since this is a genetic matter, after all. Any Hebrew words found in Japanese suggest the wide-spread migration of ancient Israeli, but not necessarily the Jewishness of the Japanese. It should show up in the genetics. All the supporting ethnic and linguistic evidence needs to rooted, eventually, in the chromosomes.

If we're going to list URLs, here is one of the foundational articles from Israel, with a German and an Indian scholar participating in the Israeli research. It helps to explain away the notion of Jews as Europeans. Good to absorb before moving on to potential Israeli remnant populations in Africa or Asia. The article is a bit technical, but no way to understand genetic modeling without a little self-education! Genetics is a dreadful area for amateurs without a lot of hard work. Otherwise, they're stuck just accepting the work of other people, much of which science they cannot decipher.

http://repository.ias.ac.in/21287/1/309.pdf

Last edited by David of Galilee; 12-18-2012 at 05:45 AM..
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Old 12-18-2012, 01:30 PM
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Well that's interesting. I tend to stay away from anything "Genetic", seen it too often to get ugly and pseudo-scientific.
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Old 12-18-2012, 02:46 PM
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The genetic research in Israel is real. What people do with it may be the problem.

As is often the case, scientists do research and give results. Lay people who do not understand the science then draw more and different conclusions. Apparently, they know more about the science than the scientists.

But the actual genetics is not in question--it is sober, repeatable science. People who hear about the science often get exited and run with it and draw many unwarranted conclusions.
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Old 12-19-2012, 01:03 AM
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The Bnei Menashe

http://www.bneimenashe.com/


Photos copyright Stephen Epstein - Ponkawonka.com

Web www.bneimenashe.com Read about the Thadou/Kuki Siddur
Sitemap


http://www.bneimenashe.com/


Again; Recommendation: Get the Free DVD at the end of the main article. It is very informative.
In North East India, in the land mass that lies between Myanmar (formerly Burma) and Bangladesh, there lives a small group of people who have been practicing Judaism for more than 27 years. They have not taken on a "new" religion. These people, in fact, have returned to the religion of their ancestors. They call themselves Bnei Menashe (or Manmaseh), descendants of the Tribe of Menashe, one of the ten lost tribes. Also known as the Shinlung, the Bnei Menashe relate their history of exile from the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 721 B.C. across the silk route finally ending up in India and Myanmar (Burma). The story of these people is an amazing one. After thousands of years of exile they have rediscovered their roots and are returning to Judaism.
Please explore these pages and learn more about the wonderful Bnei Menashe of Asia and the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel.






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Old 12-19-2012, 06:24 AM
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Don't forget, in Israel these possible or actual remnants of Israel are already well-known. We know who they are, many are here already in Israel. Others are being looked at closely.

It is here in Israel that the vast majority of work is being done and collated. This is not a new or an obscure subject. My point being, we have all kinds of research material and commentary on these outlying communities.

You seem to think that you are introducing the topic to me for the first time; respectfully, I cannot particularly relate to that. This is already a well-know, well-developed, even popular area of interest in Israel. That's why I wanted to know more about what YOU think, and not just get URLs of other people's work and opinion. Or free DVD offers. I am most interested in hard research, historical and genetic, and not just commentary.

So be careful to say "10 lost tribes" which were not lost, but only partially so. Remnants went down into Judea, and settled. AND Israel maintained all kinds of contact over the millennia with many of the exiled Israelis, even some very far away.

The following is from after the so-called dispersion of the northern 10 tribes. Yet remnants remained, and participated in a delayed Passover Seder with the southern tribes. Thus, all 12 tribes are imbedded in Judea.
-----------------
2 Chronicles 30
New American Standard Bible (NASB)
All Israel Invited to the Passover

30 Now Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem to [a]celebrate the Passover to the Lord God of Israel. 2 For the king and his princes and all the assembly in Jerusalem had decided to celebrate the Passover in the second month, 3 since they could not celebrate it at that time, because the priests had not consecrated themselves in sufficient numbers, nor had the people been gathered to Jerusalem.

4 Thus the thing was right in the sight of the king and [b]all the assembly. 5 So they established a decree to circulate a [c]proclamation throughout all Israel from Beersheba even to Dan, that they should come to celebrate the Passover to the Lord God of Israel at Jerusalem. For they had not celebrated it in great numbers as it was [d]prescribed. 6 The [e]couriers went throughout all Israel and Judah with the letters from the hand of the king and his princes, even according to the command of the king, saying, “O sons of Israel, return to the Lord God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, that He may return to those of you who escaped and are left from the [f]hand of the kings of Assyria. 7 Do not be like your fathers and your brothers, who were unfaithful to the Lord God of their fathers, so that He made them a horror, as you see. 8 Now do not stiffen your neck like your fathers, but [g]yield to the Lord and enter His sanctuary which He has consecrated forever, and serve the Lord your God, that His burning anger may turn away from you. 9 For if you return to the Lord, your brothers and your sons will find compassion before those who led them captive and will return to this land. For the Lord your God is gracious and compassionate, and will not turn His face away from you if you return to Him.”

10 So the [h]couriers passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, and as far as Zebulun, but they laughed them to scorn and mocked them. 11 Nevertheless some men of Asher, Manasseh and Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem. 12 The hand of God was also on Judah to give them one heart to do what the king and the princes commanded by the word of the Lord.
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Old 12-19-2012, 06:38 AM
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I know of the Jews in N.E., I belive they are in process of making Aliyah though they don't face any problems in India.

N.E. India is a rather disturbed region, our soldiers there don't get much gallantry awards or recognition, harsh but the govt. does not wish to highlight the issue leading to some of our helpful neighbours adding in, PRC already lends their "helping" hand by tying to take areas off our hand

I ll get the DVD and chuck in a little something over X'mas if they need donations.

Japanese girls are awesome, I went clubbing with some the other weekend, the body is still willing but the Credit Card impolitely and firmly declines!
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All battles do culminate in ending a war;
A war generating battles is ‘curse’ not ‘mirth’.

At that time, I will search out and destroy all of the nations who have come against Jerusalem - Zechariah 12:9

Last edited by Knaur; 12-19-2012 at 06:40 AM..
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Old 12-21-2012, 01:36 PM
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WHAT

"So be careful to say "10 lost tribes" which were not lost, but only partially so. Remnants went down into Judea, and settled. AND Israel maintained all kinds of contact over the millennia with many of the exiled Israelis, even some very far away.

The following is from after the so-called dispersion of the northern 10 tribes. Yet remnants remained, and participated in a delayed Passover Seder with the southern tribes. Thus, all 12 tribes are imbedded in Judea. "

1. The "Lost 10 Tribes" is a term used by historians, even Jew's themselves.
2. Yes, remnants of the Northern Kingdom escaped to the Southern Kingdom during the invasions. They were absorbed into the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Yes, some of them (a very small amount) will claim that they are descendants of one of the Northern Kingdom tribes. Your key word is "remnants", this is not most or whole. That is why the term "Lost 10 Tribes" is used, because the majority of them is un-known to as where they were sent to. Even the Jew's of today will tell you this, they use the same term.
3. Even today, most of the Jew's don't know what tribe they are from!
4. "Israel maintained all kinds of contact over the millennia with many of the exiled Israelis" ---What?
Jew's have lost contact with their Northern Kingdom brother's since the Assyrian's conquered the Northern Kingdom. Even when the Jew's where exiled into Babylon (modern day Iraq), and then some transferred to Persia (modern day Iran), there is no historical documentation of them meeting up with the Northern Tribes. The Northern Tribes did NOT return with the Jew's to Israel, when Ezra and Nehemiah lead them back.
Supposedly, Ezra wrote about them being taken to the land of ARZARETH (Hebrew means 'another land' or 'land far away'), that was a year and half journey.
5. "I am most interested in hard research, historical and genetic, and not just commentary." ---I haven't sent you commentary, just information I have came across.
6. "not just get URLs of other people's work and opinion."
----The websites are the same as finding a book, thesis, report,ect. This how research is done nowadays.
7. "Israel maintained all kinds of contact over the millennia..."
---How did Israel keep contact with them for a thousand years? Where's the documentation? There was no type of mass communications then as now. The Jew's have mostly been "bottled-up" in the areas that they where exiled to! That's what started the distinction of Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jew's, they had also lost the Hebrew language during the time of exile.
8. Yes, 2 Chronicles 30, King Hezekiah called all the Israelite's to the Passover.
Remember there was a remnant of the Northern Tribe left. It had to be those that some how and somewhere where left behind. How could slaves so far away have the freedom to make a Passover visit to Jerusalem?


Below are 2 pictures of the Star of David (Magen David) on ancient Japan sites. They are NOT commentaries! Facts!

The Kagome Crest at Ise Grand Shrine
While, you can see the same design as the Shield of David (Star of David), the symbol of the Jews, in various places in Japan.
In Mie prefecture, Japan, is located Ise grand shrine which was built for the Imperial House of Japan, and a symbol which looks very much like the Shield of David is carved on all the lamps along the approaches to the shrine.
The Japanese call it Kagome crest, which means basket reticulation in Japanese. This was named because the crest looks like the reticulation of Japanese traditional bamboo basket.
The lamps at Ise grand shrine were built and offered from the donators to the shrine after the World War 2. The Kagome crest is also carved at a monument of Manai shrine, the former (original) Ise grand shrine located in Kyoto. This monument is also offered to the shrine.
In Japan, people have been using crests which look like the Shield of David since very old days. For instance, Asa-no-ha crest, which also resembles the Shield of David, has been used widely as symbols for clothes since about Kamakura-era (the 12-14th century C.E.). And Kagome crest was used by Komiya clan and Magaribuchi clan, etc., who are descendants of emperor Seiwa (the 9th century C.E.).
We can also see the symbols which resemble the Shield of David as regalias of several cities of Japan. The city regalias of Nishi-no-miya city (Hyogo prefecture), Oomuta city (Fukuoka), Otaru city (Hokkaido), Wakkanai city (Hokkaido), and Fukuchiyama city (Kyoto) are all in the shape of 6 pointed star, and resemble the Shield of David very much.
But did they really originated from Jewish Shield of David? Or, did they only happen to resemble?
You can recall the badge of American sheriff to be the same design as the Jewish Shield of David, but it does not mean that he is a Jew. The same thing could be said concerning the crests in Japan. The design of six pointed star was used widely in various countries from old days because of its geometrical beauty.
In Israel, this symbol is discovered as a design without national significance in old remains; for instance, Shield of David is discovered in a synagogue in Capernaum, Israel, built in about second century C.E.. But it was only a design and was not unique to the Jews. Even among other nations than the Jews, this design It was since the 17th century C.E. when this design started to be used generally as the formal symbol for the Jews.
So, it is difficult to judge whether or not the Japanese design of six pointed star originated from the Jewish Shield of David.

http://www5.ocn.ne.jp/~magi9/isracam4.htm
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